Lake Tanganyika. South of Kipili – sunset in Tanzania

20th place in Biotope Aquarium Design Contest 2016

turkey Turkey. Gökay Yağar

Aquarium Volume: 350 L
Fish and invertebrates: Tropheus brichardi
Plants list: algae
Biotope description: Lake Tanganyika is situated within the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift, and is confined by the mountainous walls of the valley. It is the largest rift lake in Africa and the second largest lake by volume in the world. The lake is divided among four countries – Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, and Zambia, with Tanzania (46%) and DRC (40%) possessing the majority of the lake. It extends for 676 km  in a general north-south direction and averages 50 km in width. The lake covers 32,900 km2, with a shoreline of 1,828 km, a mean depth of 570 m and a maximum depth of 1,470 m (in the northern basin). The lake holds at least 250 species of cichlid fish and 75 species of non-cichlid fish, most of which live along the shoreline down to a depth of approximately 180 metres (590 ft). Lake Tanganyika is considered the oldest of the East African lakes, and has the most morphologically and genetically diverse groups of cichlids. This lake also has the largest number of endemic cichlid genera of all African lakes. Almost all (98%) of the Tanganyikan cichlid species are endemic to the lake, and Lake Tanganyika is thus an important biological resource for the study of speciation in evolution. Among the non-cichlid fish, 59% of the species are endemic. This aquarium was inspired by Tanzania-Kipili Area. This debris like accumulated rocks, creates cave networks that host lots of fish species. Top of these rocks are sediment free and algae rich. Thick layer of algae could be observed in most of the area. Because of food abundance, competition is mostly on terrority, those who are strong enough to defend their terrority survives. The most common fish species found in this region; Callochromis macrops, Ctenochromis horei, Cyathopharynx furcifer, Eretmodus cyanostictus, Lamprologus ocellatus, Petrochromis sp. Giant, sp. macrognathus rainbow, Tropheus brichardi, moorii, Xenotilapia singularis. Some of the waterparameters are 31,2° , GH 9, KH 28,5, pH 8,5-9,0 these are from Kipili island.

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Comments of the members of the jury of Biotope Aquarium Design Contest 2016

It is a beautiful rift-lake aquarium. Very realistic set up, colour and light, the type of stones is also realistic, as each one is different from the other. Maybe your litres are few for all those fishes.

Dimitris Ioannou (Greece)